Religion of the Pharaohs, Study Guide: Tutankhamun and Ramessid Era

Quiz: expect questions from lecture and discussion about Amarna also.

Important names, terms, and concepts

Tutankhamun (understand his significance in life and in death)


Howard Carter

Valley of the Kings

Seti I (also spelled Sety)

Rameses II (=Rameses the Great, also spelled Ramesses, Ramses, etc.)

Abu Simbel (know what it looks like, general location, function and purpose, etc.)

Seti's and Rameses II's temple at Abydos (general location, function and purpose, etc.)

Know these dates:

Discussion Questions

1) Why is Tutankhamun's tomb important? Was it representative of other royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings? Why/why not? How/how not?



2)The readings in Simpson (Bentresh Stela and penitential hymns) give us more of a window into average Egyptians' religious beliefs.

2a) What does the Bentresh stela tell us about Egyptian views of the spirit realm and the king in this period?

2b) What do the penitential hymns tell us about the individual's view of his or her relationship to the gods?





3) What does Sety’s inscription in Lichtheim II:52-56 tell you about the process and purpose of building this temple?  What is the most interesting thing about this inscription do you think?

4)  Compare Rameses’ battle inscription in Lichtheim with what your textbook says actually happened.  How does Rameses present himself as a king?  a warrior?  a person close to the gods?  How does it compare to the inscriptions of Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, and Amenhotep III that we have read?  Does the inscription give us an accurate account of the battle?  Why or why not?  Think about specific points in the passage to bring up in class in the context of this question.




5)  What is the basic location, purpose, and function of Abu Simbel and Seti's/Rameses's temple at Abydos?

6)  Can you see any lasting changes due to the Amarna period (Akhenaten/Nefertiti), or does the material from today look like the 18th Dynasty prior to their "revolution"?





You are welcome to bring any other questions/discussion topics to class as well.